The agricultural sector in Djibouti is largely confined to livestock due to a shortage of arable land and water for irrigation to support plant crops. Harshly arid, it is estimated that no more than 14,000 acres can be farmed in Djibouti when irrigation is possible, and less than 1,200 acres are under permanent cultivation. Several pilot market gardens and plots have also been attempted. Djiboutis 100,000 nomadic herders have suffered under recent droughts, but livestock, namely goats, sheep, and camels, remain the economic mainstay of the rural population. 

While Djiboutis coastline is quite small, its potential catch of fish, shellfish and lobsters is estimated to be 7,000 to 9,000 tons annually. Currently, Djibouti garners 500 tons per year.