Djiboutis government is
a multi-party system contrived from a combination of French civil law,
Islamic law and traditional practices. The executive branch is made up
of the Council of Ministers who are responsible to both the president
and prime minister. The five provinces of Djibouti are represented in
the unicameral legislative body, the Chambre des Deputes, which is
elected every five years by universal suffrage. The Cour Supreme
constitutes the judicial branch of Djiboutis government.
Elected in April 1999, President Ismael Omar Guelleh replaced Hassan Gouled Aptidon who had ruled Djibouti since its independence in 1977. Guelleh, however, had been the countrys de facto ruler since Aptidon fell ill in 1995, and has maintained Djiboutis close ties with France. His party, the Rassemblement Populaire pour le Progrès (RPP), controls all 65 seats in the Chamber of Deputies. In 2001, Dilleita Mohammed Dilleita replaced Barakat Gourad Hamadou as Prime Minister. The government secured a peace deal in early 2001 to end a long-running insurgency among rural Afar and later in the year struck a deal with Somalilands government reopening that border, helping improve regional trade prospects.
Since Djibouti became independent in 1977 the county has been ruled by one family.
Hassan Guled from 1977 to 1999 then his nephew Ismail Guelleh took the power and rules up today.
Most of the population live under poverty line, unemployment rate is very high while there is high inequality.
Although they are lacking natural resources, given there small population they could have achieved higher economic growth.
Djiboutians need democracy, visionary leadership and good governance.